Every country, including Vietnam, is fighting against pollution, in an attempt to make their country cleaner. Pollution is a term used to state the poor environmental condition of a place. It includes polluted air, dirty and unclean water for consumption, and untreated sewerage waste. All forms of pollution can cause health problems.
Unlike developed countries, most developing countries are having a hard time controlling pollution within their boundaries. On the path of becoming a leading country in the world, Vietnam is improving its standard of living every day including pollution.
The increase in Vietnam’s population has led to deforestation, decreased quality of soil, and increased air pollution due to traffic. Pollution in Vietnam is rising to an alarming level. From water to air pollution, the government is now trying its best to take over the situation and improve conditions in the country, or soon enough things will get out of hand.
So, what is pollution in Vietnam like? What are the major areas that need to be given attention? Here are the major problems that the Vietnamese government has to deal with on a shorter note:
Increase in water pollution in Vietnam gives rise to severe issues, which includes limited access to clean and safe drinking water. Even though there are beautiful seas and rivers surrounding Vietnam, not everyone within the country is lucky enough to have access to water that is consumable.
Many rivers and streams in the country are polluted with plastic bags and sewerage waste. If this wasn’t enough, factories and industries also dispose of their materials in the rivers, causing even more pollution. The toxins and chemicals from all the untreated waste have given rise to serious health problems. This particularly affects children who are forced to consume water that is unclean and unsafe in the outer lying provinces .
Air pollution in Vietnam may not be as severe as in any other country, but if left untreated and ignored by the higher authorities, the problem will worsen. The primary cause of air pollution in Vietnam is the increase in traffic over the years and deforestation. Trees are known to absorb smoke and carbon dioxide while producing clean oxygen to breathe in. To accommodate the growing population, the government had to cut down forests which led to a decrease in the quality of air.
More importantly, since the population is rising day by day, more people need vehicles to travel. The increase in traffic causes smoke and fumes to fill the air. An increase in the number of vehicles over the years in Vietnam is causing an alarming rise in air pollution!
Recent research has shown that Vietnam is on the list of the top 10 air polluters in the world. The country is unable to deal with the rising traffic on the roads. The toxic fumes are leading to more health problems, including asthma, chronic cough, and lung cancer.
The Vietnamese government has failed to create a proper waste disposal management system. This is a system that allows industries and local people to dispose of their waste in a way that does not affect the environment. Due to a lack of efficient oversight, most factories dispose of their waste in lands nearby. Even people living in urban areas are forced to throw away garbage in the open because there is no proper way to deal with it.
The results are, of course, disastrous. Due to waste being thrown out in the open, the number of health problems in the country has risen, and the quality of produce has decreased. Why? This is because the chemicals from the waste, when left untreated, seep into the soil and reduce its nutritional value. The land then becomes unusable for agricultural purposes.
Similarly, when the nutrients of the soil decrease, the quality of the produce grown in that soil also decreases. This is why, if ignored for long, soil pollution could lead to a lack of supply of food. Soil pollution affects the food that the population of a country is receiving, and if that food is low in nutritional value, more health problems could arise.